tesuki washi

Handomade japanese paper can be classified in several different ways:
(1)according to the materials used,(2)the district in which it is prodused,(3)the decorative techniques involved,and (4) the purpose or which it will be used.The suffix-KAMI(sometimes read-SHI)means "paper",as in the word WASHI(WA, japanese, and SHI,for example,is the term used to describe papermade in rural villages throughout japan. It comes in a variety of colors and tones and is noted for its rustc,natural beauty.

Types of Washi

To enrich your appreciation of japanese paper ,we offer the following additional explanation of terms and categories you'll encounter therein.
By material: japanese paper is traditionally made from the back fibers of three different shrubs, KOZO(paper mulberry), GAMPI (Wikstroemia sikokiana), and MITSUMATA (Edgeworthia papyrifera). Occasionally, ASA(henp) fiber is also used. Paperis categorized acordingly: KOZO-GAMI, GAMPISHI,MITSUMATAGAMI,and ASAGAMI.

By district of origin: The most famous papers also bear the name of the region in ehith they were originally produced,for exsample: MINO-GAMI, ECHIZEN-GAMI, TOSA-GAMI, AWA-GAMI, SEKISHU-GAMI, HOSOKAWA-GAMI, NISHINOUCHI-GAMI, and HODOMURA-GAMI.

By decorative technique: Decorative papers, or KOMA-GAMI,are divided into tow groups:
(1)SUKIMOYO-SHI, in ehich the decoration goes into the making of the paper itself. Some types of SUKIMOYO-SHI include:
unryu(dragon and cloud pattern in the fibers);
kinginsunagoiri-gami(gold and silver dust in the fibers);
mizutama-hiun(flying clouds and water-dorop pattern);
uchigumori(hanging cloud pattern);
sukashi-iri(watermarked);
nukimoyo(negative pattern);
rakushikan-shi(water-dorp pattern) etc..

(2)ATOKAKO-SHI,in which decoration is applied to the surface of the finished paper. Some types of ATOKAKO-SHI include:
suminagashi(indian ink swirled in the final rinse);
chiyogami(figured paper);
katazome-gami(stencil-dyed paper);
yuzen-gami(paste-resist dyed papaer);

As Clothing: Some special types of Japanese papers are used in the making of closing. For example:
shifu(paper fiber spun into silk, cotton, or hemp thread);
kamiko(garments made of thick paper);
momigami(wrinkled paper)

By Usage: paper is very often referred to by the purpose for which it is used. For example:
haku-uchi-shi(for making gold foil);
haku-ai-shi(for mixture gold foil);
katagami-genshi(ornamental stencil paper for kimono);
maniaishi(for folding screens);
kabe-gami(wall paper);
kinkarakawa-shi(paper with the texture of tanned leather);
shoji-gami(for sliding screens);
fusuma-gami(for sliding door);
shoga-yo-shi(for paintings and calligraphy);
kosode-bunko-yoshi(for wrapping kimono);
hosho-shi(writing paper);
senka-shi(for paper bags);
chochin-gami(for paper lantern);
kasa-gami(for umbrellas);
ningyo-shi(for dolls);
shikishi(for poetry writing);
senmenshi(for folding fans);
etc.

For Every-day Use: The types of paper most commonly found in every day use include:
sugiwarashi(for ceremonial occasions);
hanshi(half-sheet of regular sugiwara-shi);
kairyo-hanshi(improved hanshi);
hangiri(for letters);
kyoku-shi(for printing);

Other useful terms for special papers and processes;
Kigami non-figured paper made of kozo, mistumata or gampi, dried and used as is Jukushi figured or processed paper such as UCHIGAMI(glossy, beaten paper), HOTARUGAMI(open-work paper), and DOSA-BIKI(paper which has been sized for calligraphy or painting)
Sukushi paper made of recycled paper
Danshi wrinkled or ”creped” paper, such as Michinokugami
Dabishi ceremonial paper mixed with powdered bone